Let’s Weave a Celtic Knot! B11B

Download and print three copies of B11B.

B11B
B11B

Determine the outlines of the cords in the knot. The cords may cross themselves, forming loops. Color or decorate the separate cords as you wish. Cut out the outlines of the cords.

Separate cords
Separate cords

The two cords in this knot are identical to each other. The cords cross themselves twice to form three loops (one is very small). Within each loop are places (indicated by the spaces) where the other cord crosses over it. For each loop, cut open one (and only one) of these spaces.

Use the third printed knot as a placement guide. Look at the end of the knot closest to you to determine which outline goes on top of the other (look for the first crossing of the two outlines). Place the cut outlines in position on the guide.

Layered outlines
Layered outlines

Working from the bottom up, either slide cut ends under or shift one outline over the other, until you reach the top.

Weaving . . .
Weaving . . .
Weaving . . .
Weaving . . .
Completed knot
Completed knot

 

Let’s Weave a Celtic Knot! A1111A

Download and print three copies of A1111A. Decorate the separate cords on two copies; leave the third copy blank.

A1111A
A1111A
Three copies
Three copies

Cut out the separate cord outlines (even the “donut holes”).

Cord outlines
Cord outlines

The two cords in this knot are mirror images of each other. The cords cross over themselves twice to make a chain of three loops. Within each loop are two places (indicated by the spaces) where the other loop crosses over it. For each loop, cut open one (and only one) of these spaces.

Cut spaces
Cut spaces

Use the third printed knot as a placement guide. Look at the end of the knot closest to you. Place the two cut outlines in position, one on top of the other (in this case, the left on top of the right).  You may wish to glue the two layers together, to form a stable foundation.

Layered outlines
Layered outlines

Now, working from the bottom up, either slide cut ends under or shift the layers to bring the other outline on top. (In the photos below, note the cut end(s) to slide under.)

Weaving . . .
Weaving . . .
weaving . . .
weaving . . .
. . . weaving.
. . . weaving.

Slide the final two cut ends in place, and the knot is complete.

Complete knot
Complete knot

A Celtic Knot Primer

I am working on a set of templates for simple Celtic knot bands, boxes, and crosses.

I would like to show you some of the workings.

Knot Ends

I use a Celtic knot font to produce my designs because it’s faster than drawing them by hand. There are six basic styles of knots, each with its own characteristics and personality.

Knot Styles
Knot Styles

Knot Fillers

There are five fillers that go between the knot ends.

Knot Fillers
Knot Fillers

I’d like to show you what happens when you put the two together.  You may want to print these knots and color them.

Filler 1

Adding one Filler 1 section gives you:

One Filler 1 section
One Filler 1 section

Adding two Filler 1 sections gives you:

Two Filler 1 sections
Two Filler 1 sections

Adding three Filler 1 sections gives you:

Three Filler 1 sections
Three Filler 1 sections

What changes did you notice on the first and fifth knots?

Tomorrow, Filler 2 . . .

Bear Boston Commons Quilt

The Bear Flag displays seven colors: Black, Gray, White, and four shades of Brown.

Bear Flag
Bear Flag

I propose a Boston Commons quilt using this color palette. Let’s expand it a bit, though.

Expanded Bear flag palette
Expanded Bear flag palette

Two Blacks, three Grays, two Whites, and eight Browns should do it.

I joined my baby sister for a weekend quilting workshop some time back. We made a pair of Boston Commons quilts. I want to repeat the process, with improvements.

First, I cut the fabric into 3.5 inch strips and arranged them in order.

3.5-inch strips, arranged in order
3.5-inch strips, arranged in order

Next, I stitched the strips into a blanket.

Strip-pieced blanket
Strip-pieced blanket

When we made this quilt before, we used fat quarters cut into strips. The strips were stitched into a blanket, end to end. There was a fair bit of waste at the end of the blankets because the bottom edge was uneven. This time around, I left the strips unstitched for a couple inches at the bottom, and added new strips to the ends before stitching the strips together, creating one continuous blanket.

Uneven ends
Uneven ends
Continuous blanket
Continuous blanket

I picked up the second innovation somewhere on the Internet when I was first studying this pattern and different construction methods. I alternated the direction I pressed the seam allowances (in toward one strip, out on the next).

Seam allowances pressed in alternating directions
Seam allowances pressed in alternating directions

The blanket is cut into 3.5-inch strips. The strips will be offset before stitching. The alternating seam allowances allow for nesting them together neatly to stitch.

3.5-inch strips
3.5-inch strips
Work-in-progress
Work-in-progress

The Celtic knot Saga . . .

Celtic knots fascinate me because they are impossible objects and the ultimate optical illusion. They are impossible because they portray a cord or rope tied in a knot without beginning or end. Sometimes a Celtic knot is viewed as a path or walkway. That makes them the ultimate optical illusion because there is no “over” or “under” on a flat sheet of paper!

Yes, Celtic knots fascinate me.

I wanted a way to make various Celtic knots in various sizes.

Various Celtic knots in various sizes
Various Celtic knots in various sizes

These Celtic knots are different from each other, and they are different sizes. Yet, they are formed from the same shapes: two shapes for the corners (one has a tail), one shape for the side curves, and one shape for the internal bars. I merely needed to make the specific shapes in a specific size for any given knot. It was all a matter of scale.

A Matter of Scale
A Matter of Scale

I enlarged knots to size; transferred their individual shapes to fabric; then, arranged the shapes onto my background. I left a bit of space between the shapes to represent the black lines seen in the original drawing. I called this my “Stencil” phase, because that’s what the knots looked like, as though they had been stenciled in place. For visual interest, I chose different colors for each path in a knot. Making each path a separate color helped the viewer better see the outlines of the paths and the relationships between them. I made Celtic knot bands, crosses, and circles.

Three-color Square
Three-color Square
Two-color Rectangle
Two-color Rectangle
Three-color Rectangle
Three-color Rectangle
Blue Three-color Cross
Blue Three-color Cross
Purple Cross
Purple Cross
Green Three-color Cross
Green Three-color Cross
Three-color Circular Celtic Knot
Three-color Circular Celtic Knot
Two-color Circular Celtic Knot
Two-color Circular Celtic Knot

I solved the problem of size, but I had a problem with alignment. Sometimes, the ends of the knot shapes didn’t exactly align with each other.

I had a little talk with myself.

“So, what seems to be the problem here?” I ask.
“The ends of the knot shapes don’t exactly align with each other.” (I point.)
“Why knot?” (I snicker.)
“I’m missing the little piece that joins the two shapes together.” (I point.)
“Where is it?”
“It’s hidden under where the other path crosses over this path.” (I point.)
“Um, er, aren’t you missing the obvious?”
“Just because I can’t see it, doesn’t mean it isn’t there?” (I point.)
“No, I made you say ‘underwear.’ (I snicker again.) “When’s lunch?”

(I stopped talking with myself at this point because I was obviously distracted.)

So, I decided to include the “missing” piece between all the shapes, all the way around the path. What I ended up with was a closed loop. I had to admit that tracing and cutting one closed loop was much faster and easier than tracing and cutting numerous shapes for that same loop. If I made each path of the knot a closed loop, I could weave them together like the impossible drawing I started with.

Sunday funnies 1-11-15 knot
Sunday funnies 1-11-15 knot
Loops A, B, C, and D
Loops A, B, C, and D

Unfortunately, you can’t weave a closed loop. (Try to recreate a Celtic knot with a rubber band without cutting it open.)

I decided to cheat. I chose a spot where one path went “under” another, and cut open the loop. Then, I had no trouble weaving the loops together from the bottom up, hiding the cut ends when necessary. It took very little time to create a very impressive Celtic knot.

That’s how Woven Celtic knots began . . .

(Your book starts here.)